What is a meaning of Telemedicine: Definition and How Does It Work?


Telemedicine is a type of health service innovation that can help the community. This invention can help patients make better use of their time so they don’t have to come to the hospital for consultations.

Furthermore, in the midst of the current pandemic season, every patient will be strongly recommended to come immediately to the hospital, unless an emergency scenario exists. As a result, the central government encourages the use of telemedicine to limit the spread of the Covid virus.

Definition Telemedicine

Telemedicine is a type of technological advancement that allows every patient to consult with every doctor without having to meet or meet directly with the doctor.

By talking with specialists, every patient will benefit immensely from the suspected first diagnosis, therapy, and also the first treatment as soon as possible. Especially for fevers, injuries, and the flu, as well as numerous health and immunity suggestions.

Currently, telemedicine is widely used in many countries of the world.

In truth, telemedicine has long been employed. However, telemedicine has just recently become popular in Indonesia.

Telemedicine technology has the potential to alter numerous patterns of human life in the digital era.

In reality, several sectors, such as the health sector, world health organizations, and others, are now able to track the advancement of telemedicine.

Telemedicine is currently one of the technical advancements in the digital realm of health. According to the official WHO, four factors underpin the usage of telemedicine, namely:

  • As a clinical health care support tool.
  • The right innovation with new technology
  • Able to improve the quality of life and also public health.

In our own country, the use of telemedicine is claimed to be able to overcome various barriers to equitable access to health. Why? because in some areas there are still difficulties in accessing health, be it from health workers, facilities, and various other things.

Advantages and Disadvantages Telemedicine

technology telemedicine has its own advantages and disadvantages. Some of the advantages and disadvantages of telemedicine are as follows:

  • Advantages Telemedicine

Some of the main advantages of telemedicine are that it is easy to get direct treatment online, easier to get prescriptions from doctors without having to come to the hospital in person, easier to get health tips, and can consult with doctors anytime and anywhere.

  • Disadvantages Telemedicine

technology telemedicine is that doctors cannot examine their patients directly. Thus, the results of the diagnosis are not accurate and the doctor will only provide a possible diagnosis by prescribing the drug.

The presence of telemedicine is expected to be further developed with various features that can assist doctors in making accurate diagnoses, such as recording heart rate, blood pressure, and various other things.

Currently, several countries already use sensor technology which when placed on the surface of the skin, we can find out the entire condition of our body more systematically. Therefore, telemedicine in Indonesia is expected to soon adopt the system.

Use of Telemedicine

If we look at the advantages and disadvantages, we can say that the features contained in it cannot be a complete solution to the health services needed by the community.

Therefore, WHO also recommends several focuses on utilizing telemedicine, namely:

  • Used as a technology that is able to facilitate consultation activities without direct question and answer sessions related to treatment between patients and doctors.
  • Provide access for patients and doctors to communicate with each other even though they are far apart.
  • Able to make it easy for patients and doctors to communicate with each other even though they are very far apart.
  • Providing convenience for patients in knowing various health tips that can still be done at home and also providing a form of first aid when experiencing various minor illnesses.
  • Provide the most appropriate advice regarding health problems experienced by patients.
  • In order to avoid crowds and queues for local health facilities, this health service can be said to be very efficient.

Focus on the Use of Telemedicine

Due to the advantages and disadvantages of telemedicine, it is no exaggeration to say that telemedicine can be a powerful solution for public health services. For this reason, WHO also recommends several focuses that can be done when using telemedicine.

  1. As a means of technology in order to facilitate the control of care, such as answering various questions related to the treatment that has been completed and undertaken by the patient.
  2. Make it easier for patients to know the final laboratory results accurately, especially if all the results can be read normally.
  3. Provide access to communicate with health professionals from places that tend to be difficult to reach.
  4. Provide advice related to the doctor’s specialization that is appropriate for the health problem currently being experienced by the patient.
  5. Minimizing the occurrence of queues at health facilities and also making the form of services so that they can be carried out more efficiently.

Although there are still pros and cons related to this feature, telemedicine is a technological development that we can no longer underestimate. Strict regulations from the doctor’s side or from the patient’s side still have to be socialized, so that later they can find the right solution and benefit each party.

services telemedicine will continue to be designed not to replace doctor visits, but as a form of care companion that is more efficient, better, and also more precise.

Differences in Teleconsultation and Telemedicine

Based on the complete explanation above, we can conclude that there are differences between teleconsultation and telemedicine.

Teleconsultation is a part of telemedicine, so its scope is smaller. While telemedicine is a long-distance health service and does not only include online consultations.

If we rely on the application of online consultation in various fields, patients can consult with doctors regarding their health problems. Thus, the consultation carried out cannot only be carried out by one hospital with another.

In addition, the scope of online consultation is communication about patient complaints to doctors, providing diagnosis of diseases from doctors to patients, then providing treatment advice from doctors to patients.

On the other hand, the scope of telemedicine is radiology, electrocardiography, obstetric ultrasound, and clinical consultation.

Some of them can directly consult via chat. However, some also provide conditions for making a more planned consultation schedule. This online and planned consultation can be done via chat or via video call.

Consultations conducted online via video call would be preferable because the situation is similar to regular consultations. However, it would be even better if there is already a medical history sent by the patient to the hospital so that it can assist doctors in making a diagnosis of the disease more quickly and accurately.


This is our complete explanation of telemedicine, complete with advantages and disadvantages in it.

This telemedicine will continue to be developed in order to replace the direct and efficient consultation between patients and doctors.